Can I vote by absentee ballot on a permanent basis in Florida

Sort of. You can request an absentee ballot for a specific election, or you can submit one absentee ballot application for applications for the next regularly scheduled general election. (General elections take place in November of evenly numbered years: 2014, 2016, 2018, etc.) If you choose the second option, you will automatically receive an absentee ballot for every election in which you are eligible to vote through the next regularly scheduled general election.